Tuesday, March 20, 2018

Visions Of Infinity by Ian Stewart (2013, ISBN 978-0-465-02240-3). Subtitled-- The Great Mathematical Problems. I like books about Infinity, however as the subtitle might suggest this book isn't so much about Infinity as it is about various math problems that mathematicians have struggled with over the centuries. Even though it isn't much about Infinity it is still very good.
Some of the problems discussed are Goldbach Conjecture, Squaring the Circle, Four Color Theorem, Kepler Conjecture, Mordell Conjecture, Fermat's Last Theorem, etc. This book is aimed at the general reader, however, the subject is complex and so may be a harder read depending on the reader's math background and interests. The author does a good job of explaining the problems and the attempts to solve them. Purchased from Powell's books on 7-6-2013 for $26.99. 
Introducing Quantum Theory by J. P. McEvoy and Oscar Zarate  (1996, ISBN 1-874166-37-4)
This is a "Graphic" book discussing the History and Ideas around Quantum Theory. The text is by J. P. McEvoy and the art work is by Oscar Zarate. The book covers the early part of the 1900's when various European physicists (Einstein, Pauli, Dirac, Schrodinger, Planck, Born, Bohr, De Broglie, Heisenberg, etc.) developed the modern theory of Atomic and sub-Atomic particles and forces.
The book may seem simplistic to some because of the graphics, but I think it does a good job of introducing the reader to the History and Ideas of Quantum Theory.
Purchased from Powell's books 8-26-2004 for $7.50.

Sunday, December 31, 2017

Calculating The Cosmos by Ian Stewart (2016, ISBN 978-0-465-09610-7)
Subtitle-- How Mathematics Unveils The Universe.

Talks about the mathematics of astrophysics from gravity to multiverse.  Excellent read. Despite the title, there is very little math. The book mostly talks about the math used to calculate various things.

Received as Christmas present 2016.

Thursday, November 9, 2017

Welcome to the Universe by Neil deGrasse Tyson, Michael A Strauss, J. Richard Gott (2016, ISBN 978-0-691-15724-5)
Subtitle-- An Astrophysical Tour.
Very interesting popular science book. It is divided into three sections-- I) Stars, Planets, and Life II) Galaxies III) Einstein and the Universe.

One chapter explains why Pluto is no longer considered a planet. Another chapter use the Drake equation to estimate the number of  active, communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy. Time travel is explained.
The famous equation E=MC² is explained. Finally, a chapter is devoted to describing the ultimate fate of the Universe.
Christmas present 2016.

Sunday, September 24, 2017

The Story of the World in 100 Species by Christopher Lloyd (2016, ISBN 978-1-4088-7638-1)

The book has sections like viruses, simple cells, symbiosis, sea life, etc. Covers the whole spectrum of life on earth. The first 50 species are examples of those species that made the world the way it is before humans became a powerful force. The last 50 species are those that have been modified by humans, for example, grasses like rice, wheat, maize. Also, covers some animals that humans have modified, for example, horses, cows, pigs, chickens, dogs, cats.

Purchased new at Barnes and Noble, 30$, 2017-6-22.

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Homo Deus by Yuval Noah Harari (2017, ISBN 978-0-06-246431-6).
Subtitle-- A Brief History of Tomorrow. Discusses some ideas about what the future may hold for Humans. It is possible that we may create an AI the will replace us. The dominate theme is the Data Religion wherein the AI of the future will monitor us 24/7 and make all of decisions for us. An interesting book to read, would like to read it again sometime.
Purchased at Powells, 2-21-2017 for 35$.

Sunday, April 2, 2017

A Many-Colored Glass by Freeman J. Dyson (2007, ISBN 978-0-8139-2973-6).
Subtitled Reflections on the Place of Life in the Universe.
Page-Barbour Lectures for 2004.
Seven lectures. I liked the last three the best, especially Looking For Life.
Received for Xmas 2015.
The Biology Book by Michael C. Gerald and Gloria E. Gerald (2015, ISBN 978-1-4549-1068-8).
Subtitled: From the Origin of Life to Epigenetics 250 Milestones in the History of Biology.

250 topics, each gets one page of text and a picture. Seems like a good overview of Biology, but for the non-technical reader.

Purchased in December 2016 at Powell's books for 29.95$.

Thursday, March 23, 2017

The Lives of a Cell by Lewis Thomas (1974, ISBN 978-0-14-004743-1)
Subtitle-- Notes of a Biology Watcher.
This book contains a series of essays originally published by the New England Journal of Medicine. I enjoyed these essays, found interesting. A few time I found stuff that was out of date, nut that should be no surprise, since they were written more than 40 years ago. Was an xmas gift, xmas 2015.
Sapiens by Yuval Noah Harari (2015, ISBN 978-0-06-231609-7)
Subtitled-- A Brief History Of Humankind.
Very interesting book, one of those books that I feel like I want to re-read as soon as I have finished it. Discusses the long history of humans, from the first humans 2 million years ago up to present time.
Divides human history into three basic eras: Cognitive Revolution, Agricultural Revolution and Scientific Revolution.
Was a xmas present, xmas 2015.

Thursday, June 2, 2016

America's Bank- The Epic Struggle to Create The Federal Reserve by Roger Lowenstein (2015, ISBN 978-1-59420-549-1)
This book presents a description of the political process that resulted in the Federal Reserve. Some of the history of the older attempts to create a US central bank are described as well as why a central bank is needed.
Received as a Christmas present 2015.

Saturday, December 26, 2015

Beautiful Geometry by Eli Maor and Eugen Jost. (2014, ISBN 978-0-691-15099-4.)
51 chapters of interesting mathematics. Each chapter contains one mathematical idea or theorem. Each chapter also contains one or more drawing(s) that illustrate the idea or theorem.
Purchased from Amazon on 1-19-2014, for $20.79

Sunday, May 17, 2015

Cosmos by Carl Sagan. (1980, ISBN 0-394-50294-9) Based on the the 13-part TV series of the same name. That TV series was recently updated with a newer version with Neil deGrasse Tyson. A great book. Contains a lot of interesting stuff, a bit out of date in terms of space exploration (a lot has happened since it was written in 1980.) Still worth reading ( you can find used copies very cheap on Amazon.) I got my copy back in the 1980s.
Contains a proof that the square root of 2 is irrational. Discusses the Googol and the Googolplex. This book contains much information about science and the history of the world, etc.

Thursday, February 12, 2015

The Universe Within by Neil Shubin (2013, ISBN 978-0-307-47327-1)
Subtitle: The deep history of the human body.
An exploration of human anatomy and how it relates to the evolution of the universe. Another great science book.
Purchased at Powell's 15.95$
Your Inner Fish by Neil Shubin, (2009, ISBN 978-0-307-27745-9)
Subtitle: A journey into the 3.5 billion year history of the human body.
About human anatomy and human evolution. The author is a paleontologist and professor of anatomy. Great science writing, easy to read and very informative.
Purchased at Powell's 16.00$

Monday, November 3, 2014

Les Miserables by Victor Hugo. 1976 Folio Press (BOMC edition.) ISBN 978-0850671063. The story of Jean Valjean, Fantine, Cosette, Marius, Javert and many many more characters. A very complex story of hardship, sadness and happiness.
I found this translation very readable. This is a deluxe printing which I got from the Book Of The Month Club, probably back in the late 1970s.

Thursday, May 15, 2014

squirrel seeks chipmunk by David Sedaris. 2010, ISBN 978-0-316-03839-3.
A collection of short stories. All of the characters are animals, playing human roles.
Purchased at Powells 2014-01-14 for $7.98.

Thursday, March 27, 2014

 The Story of English by Robert McCrum, William Cran and Robert MacNeil. This book was the companion to a TV series that was shown on the American TV network PBS in the 1980s.
I really like this show and so I bought the book, in fact I have three editions of the book ISBN 0-670-80467-3 , ISBN 0-14-009435-0 and ISBN 0-14-015405-1.
I especially liked the early history of English.

Monday, November 25, 2013

The Story of Mathematics by Richard Mankiewicz (2000, ISBN 0-691-08808-X)
This is a history of mathematics. It is a high level summary, probably intended for people who are not mathematics or science oriented, but are interested in learning some of the history. The book does not cover any of the details of the areas it discusses. There are lots of interesting pictures and quotes.
Purchased  2001-7-20.

Monday, October 21, 2013

The Ancestor's Tale by Richard Dawkins. 2004, ISBN 0-618-00583-8.
This is a fantastic book. I loved reading it. (The entry on wikipedia contains a lot of information about the book.) Highly recommended for those interested in learning something about how various living things are related. Since this is a non-fiction science book, information contained in it will change a bit as new discoveries are made, still much of the information is well establish, so this book should be a good introduction to evolution for the layman for many years to come.
Purchased new from the PSU bookstore on 2-23-2005 for $28.

Monday, August 19, 2013

The Hobbit by JRR Tolkien 1937, ISBN 0-395-17711-1 and 01532. A fantasy novel about a world inhabited by various humanoid creatures called Hobbits, Dwarves, Wizards, Elves, Goblins, Dragons, etc. Very entertaining and very popular. This is the third time I have read this book. Twice I read the paperback shown (01532 Ballantine Books) and once the hardback slipcase edition. The paperback was purchased back in 1971 or 1972 for 95 cents. The hardback was purchased on 2002-1-2 from Borders Books for $35.00.

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

In Pursuit of the Unknown by Ian Stewart, 2012, ISBN 978-0-465-02973-0. Subtitle: 17 Equations That Changed the World. This book has a label on the back the says Mathematics, but I think it should be labelled Physics, etc. It is really more about the subjects of the equations than the mathematics. Subjects discusses include Pythagora's Theorem, Logarithms, Calculus, Newton's Law of Gravity, Square Root of Minus One, Euler's Formula for Polyhedra, Normal Distribution, Wave Equation, Fourier Transform, Navier-Stokes Equation, Maxwell's Equations, Second Law of Thermodynamics, Relativity, Schrodingers Equation, Information Theory, Chaos Theory and Black-Scholes Equation.
If you are interested in how mathematics is used in the real world, I think this is a good introduction. It is well written, informative and I think entertaining. Sadly there is no list of books for further reading.
 Purchased from Amazon on 2013-3-7 for $20.51.

Tuesday, June 4, 2013

Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison (1952, Y3814 Signet)

I think a lot of people read this book when they were in school, but I was never assigned to read it. I bought a copy years ago, but just got around to reading it. I used to think that this was non-fiction for some reason, but of course it is a novel.

The story is about the experience of a black man growing up in the south and then moving to NYC.

Probably purchased at Powell's Books, date unknown, price $2. This book was a discard from a school library.

Tuesday, April 16, 2013

The Glorious Golden Ratio by Alfred S. Posamentier.  2012, ISBN 978-1-61614-423-4. If you are interested in Mathematics then you'll love this book. The golden ratio is a number which occurs in geometry over and over again. The golden ratio is also related to the Fibonacci and Lucas numbers. This book discusses how to construct the golden ratio, how it has been used in the past and gives many examples of it in geometry. Purchased at Powells books, on 1-21-2012, for $27.00.

Saturday, February 2, 2013

Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy. 2000, ISBN 0-14-200027-2. This translation is by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky.
Written by Tolstoy in Russian from 1873 to 1877.
I have three other translations of this book (Magarshack, Carmichael and Edmonds.) I think I read it once when I was in high school and again in college. This book is considered by some to be the greatest novel ever written, while that seems a bit much, it can be said that it is a very good novel and well worth the time it takes to read. At over 800 pages it is a challenge for the modern reader. I am glad that I re-read it. The story is about Anna and her dive into destruction, but also about Levin who maybe discovers the meaning of life. The two characters are Russian aristocrats who live in a world of privilege. I think Anna and Levin only meet once during the novel, but they know each other and have many friends in common.  
Purchased from Powell's books 2002-1-22, for $16.

Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Sefer HaChinuch / Book of Mitzvos, Volume 1, Mitzvos 1 - 65. 2012, ISBN 978-1-4226-1189-0.
This is a multi-volume English elucidation of a 700 year old classic of Torah scholarship. The Torah is described by the Jews as having 613 Mitzvos. A Mitzvos is an obligation or prohibition. The familiar 10 commandments are included in these Mitzvos. The author of this book is unknown, however he is thought to have been a disciple of Ramban. There are many references in the book to Rambam. Interestingly, there is not complete agreement on what are the 613 Mitzvos. This book details some of the confusion regarding this situation. Also, the way these Mitzvos are understood by the Jews can be surprising. For example, Exodus 20:13 (20:15 in King James) says "You shall not steal." This is described in this book (Mitzvah 36) as a Prohibition against Kidnaping. This book contains the Hebrew text and enhanced English translation with notes and insights. Purchased from Artscroll  3-1-2012, for $27.44.

Thursday, September 27, 2012

Fallen Angels by Harold Bloom. 2007, 978-0-300-12348-7.
The concept of fallen angel as discussed in this book is different than the usual as given by the above link. Bloom here describes a theory that all humans can be viewed as fallen angels. Interesting book. Purchased September 2012 from Cameron's Books for $5.

Sunday, August 5, 2012

Joseph Smith by Robert V. Remini. 2002, ISBN 0-670-03083-X.
This is a biography of Joseph Smith, jr. who was the founder of the LDS movement (Mormons.) The book is well written and I enjoyed reading it. Seems to be objective without being pro or con concerning the veracity  of Joseph Smith claims or those of his dis-tractors.
Purchased from Powells on 6-3-2012 for $7.95.

Monday, July 23, 2012

The Comedy of Errors by William Shakespeare. From the book The Complete Pelican Shakespeare. (1969, ISBN 0-670-77076-0.) Shakespeare is fun to read, but hard because the language is so complex. This play is about two pairs of twins that are separated when babies and grow up in different cities. Then as adults they meet but not until after a lot of confusion of idenity, etc.
This a book I purchased a long time ago at PSU bookstore for $16.95.

2012-08-17, Taming of the Shrew 
2012-09-17, Two Gentlemen of Verona
You Are Here by Thich Nhat Hanh (2009, ISBN 978-1-59030-675-8) This a book about Buddhism. Specifically it is about living in the present moment.  This is achieved through breathing meditation. "Breathing in. I know I am breathing in" and "Breathing out. I know I am breathing out." The book discusses this breathing meditation but does not contain much about the basic of buddhism. It is primarily a discussion about the benefits of living in the present.
Purchased from amazon, 9-11-2009, for $13.57.

Thursday, July 5, 2012

The Book of Mormon, A Biography by Paul C. Gutjahr. 2012, ISBN 978-0-691-14480-1.
This book is about the Book of Mormon. It contains a disscussion about how the book was created and its effect on American culture, during its 180 year history. The Book of Mormon is a sacred text of the LDS church. It is not regarded as sacred by any other religion.
Purchased at Powell's Books for 17.50 on 6-3-2012.

Monday, June 25, 2012

Romania, An Illustrated History by Nicolae Klepper. 2002, ISBN 978-0-7818-0935-1.
This book provides a concise history of the area now known as Romania from pre-history to just after 2000. For me the most interesting parts were the early chapters (1-7) that covered the ancient and medieval history. From the book it seems clear that Romania has had a long history of struggling with more powerful neighbors from the Greeks and Romans to the Ottomans and the Austro-Hungarians and Russians.
Purchased at Powells books, 6-3-2012, 16.95.

Sunday, June 10, 2012

The Pythagorean Theorem by Alfred S. Posamentier.  2010, ISBN 978-1-61614-181-3. Subtitled: The Story of Its Power and Beauty.
The cover shows a "Pythagorean Tree" constructed from layers of Pythagorean triangles with squares on their sides. (Discussed in chapter 7.) This book is similar to the book by Eli Maor, but covers topics not discussed in that other book. Both books are worth reading.
Purchased from amazon.com, 10-5-2010, for $19.71.

Saturday, May 5, 2012

 The Divine Comedy - Paradise by Dante, translated by Dorothy Sayers and Barbara Reynolds. 1962, ISBN 0140441050.
The Divine Comedy - Paradise by Dante translated by Charles Eliot Norton. 1892, PDF from books.google.com.
This is the third and final volume in Dante's poetic description of a journey through the three realms of the afterlife. In this volume Dante enters paradise, the heavens of crystalline spheres that surround the earth. There he meets various Saints who enlighten him concerning the nature of the divine and salvation. Dante's universe was the Ptolemaic system where the Earth was at the center and the Planets (wanderers, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars,  Jupiter, Saturn ) and stars occupied various crystalline spheres that rotated above the Earth.  
The Sayers translation was purchased back in the 1970's for 90 cents, probably from a book store near PSU. The Norton translation was a .mobi file (3ddcn10.mobi) a project Gutenberg book downloaded from the internet. Also, can be found at books.google.com.

Sunday, March 18, 2012

How to Answer a Jehovah's Witness by Robert A. Morey. 1980, ISBN 0-87123-206-5. Purchased on 2-17-2012 for $ .01 + 3.99 s&h from Thrift Books via Amazon Marketplace.
This book purports to teach Evangelical Christians how to talk with and convert Jehovah Witnesses who might come to their house to promote their religion. The idea of the book is to prove that the Watchtower Society promotes false prophecies and that therefore their version of religion is false.
The real way to talk to them is to just not answer that door and whatever you do don't give them any money or let them in your house!

Thursday, March 15, 2012

Blues People by LeRoi Jones. 1963, ISBN 0-688-18474-X.
Subtitle: The Negro experience in White America and the music that developed from it.
This book is about African-American music. How it got started with the slaves from Africa and their work songs, to Gospel, to Blues, to Ragtime, to early Jazz and to the various forms of Jazz that developed up until about 1960. (At least the edition I read stops at about 1960.) Doesn't discuss Rock or any more recent musical forms. Very interesting, written at a College level.
Purchased at Cameron's 1996 for $2.50.

Sunday, February 26, 2012

The Divine Comedy - Purgatory by Dante Alighieri, tr Dorothy L. Sayers, 1955, ISBN 0140440461. The Divine Comedy - Purgatory tr Charles Eliot Norton, 1891.

The Sayers translation was an actual book. Probably purchased in 1973, for $1.05, maybe at Powells, maybe at a bookstore by PSU. This translation has a long introduction and notes after each canto. Plus there are several Appendix that discuss certain issues in more detail. In the Divine Comedy Dante mentions many people and scholars have tried since it was first made available to determine who these people where. Matilda is one such character who has be speculated about for many years. This translation is again in verse form, that tries to reproduce the Italian Terza rima.

The second translation I read was the Charles Eliot Norton. This is a file I read on my kindle (2ddcn10.mobi), which can be found at websites that have public domain texts. I think this was originally a project Gutenberg text (here.) This translation is older and in prose form. It also has notes to explain the various references.

Sunday, February 12, 2012

How to Answer a Mormon by Robert A. Morey. 1983 ISBN 0-87123-260-X. Recently there has been talk in the media about Mormonism vs. Christianity. Mostly because of a republican candidate for president. So I thought it would be interesting to read a book on the subject. I have read about Mormonism before, I even tried to read the Book of Mormon (I found it too silly. Read it here.) This book however doesn't discuss Mormonism vs. Christianity. Morey's attack on Mormonism is based purely on the prophet-hood of Joseph Smith jr. and what he prophesied. Morey's idea is that all of Mormonism rests on Joseph Smith being a Prophet and if he is shown to be a false prophet then the religion is false.

Thursday, January 19, 2012

The Divine Comedy: Hell by Dante Alighieri, translated by Dorothy L Sayers. 1949, ISBN 0 14 044 006 2.

The Divine Comedy: Inferno By Dante Alighieri, translated by Charles Eliot Norton. 1891.

The Sayers translation was the actual book. I purchased it probably in 1973. This is the third time I have read it. The Norton translation is an ebook (1ddcn10.mobi, it is a Gutenburg text, google it.) I don't remember where I downloaded it from, but it is in the public domain.
I read these two translations canto by canto. Sayers tried to translate into English the poetic form of the original Italian. She discusses it in the introduction. Norton is a prose translation. Both have notes to explain various references, but Sayers are much better (of these two.)

This is a story that takes place in medieval Italy. It is about a lost soul (Dante) searching for the truth. Hell is populated with many famous people, some real and some fictional. Also, there are many people that Dante knew, but who are unknown today.

Monday, December 26, 2011

Genome by Matt Ridley. 1999, ISBN 0-06093290-2. Subtitle: The Autobiography of a Species in 23 Chapters. This is a popular science book. It is about the human genome, the genes that produce humans. Those genes are stored in 23 pairs of chromosomes, hence the 23 chapters. The author discusses one gene for each chromosomes and in doing so covers a wide range of topics. Purchased 8-12-2002 at Borders for $14.00. This is the second time I have read this book.

Monday, December 12, 2011

The Journey of Man: A Genetic Odyssey by Spencer Wells. 2002, ISBN 0-691-11532-X. This book is a history of the human race as told by the genetic information sampled from various people around the world. The author describes how he and many other scientists have discovered the migrations of human populations since man started to leave Africa around 50,000 years ago. The book is mostly non-technical in the way it explains the ideas covered. The book explains some basic ideas about how genetics works and how it is involved in the evolution of man. There is a TV series with the same title. Purchased 1-26-2003, from Amazon.com for $20.97.

Saturday, December 3, 2011

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam edited by John L. Esposito. 2003, ISBN 978-0-19-512559-7. This is a dictionary, a reference book, and therefore not meant to be read from cover to cover. I have read part of the beginning and will probable continue to read a few pages from time to time. So far I am not enjoying this as much as the Thomas Hughes book. That book is much older and much bigger and not as politically correct, but it was more interesting to read than this book. The entries were usually longer and frequently contain references to the Quran, etc.